Your resumé is a personal advertisement used to highlight your accomplishments, skills, and experience. An effective resumé will clearly and concisely highlight your key competencies that meet a particular employer’s needs.
The objective of your resumé should be to secure an interview that will hopefully lead to acquiring employment in your preferred field or industry. The quality and content of your resumé can ultimately determine whether or not you will have an opportunity to be interviewed.
Guidance from the Career Centre
There are various ways in which we can assist you with your resumé:
- You can register for a Rock Your Resumé Workshop or our Let's Talk Resumés sessions by visiting our Calendar of Events.
- You can participate in special activities such as Resumé Day, which includes rapid resumé resumés by industry professionals (see our Calendar of Events for details).
Types of Resumés
There are three commonly used layouts for resumés: chronological, functional or a combination of the two. Each highlights and targets an employer's needs in different ways.
This is the traditional and most commonly used layout. It highlights your career progress through your employment history and, in turn, showcases your skills. As its name implies, the set-up involves a reverse chronological listing of your employment history and is often preferred by recruiters and employers. The sections of a chronological resumé are often:
- Name and Contact Information
- Career Objective (optional)
- Relevant Skills and Knowledge (optional)
- Work Experience / Description of Transferable Skills [most recent job listed first]
- Extracurricular Activities (optional)
- Honours and Scholarships (optional)
- Interests (optional)
The functional resumé is focused on the professional skills you have developed. There is no chronological ordering, and dates are sometimes even omitted. This layout often works best for students as well as individuals who are attempting to make a career change. In order for the layout to be successful, you must have a thorough understanding of your abilities. Skills are generally arranged under several categories which will vary depending on the individual, the industry, and types of positions held as well as level of expertise.
As the title suggests, a combination resumé is a hybrid of the chronological and the functional layouts. It provides flexibility by allowing you to focus on the strengths of the two layouts to best suit your needs. It allows you to group your key competencies or skills while still providing a chronological history of your various experiences.