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Understanding How Gender Diversity and Government Involvement Can Influence Innovation and Firm Survival

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The capacity to innovate has positive outcomes for most industries, with marked contributions to economic growth. However, innovation is not without risk for a firm: it can  involve unforeseeable processes and outcomes that can lead to the firm’s failure. Many factors can influence the innovation potential of a firm, and much work is needed to fully understand the dynamics of a firm’s innovation process and why some firms are more successful than others.

Two important yet understudied contributors that may greatly influence the innovation practices of firms are 1) the gender diversity of corporate boards, and 2) the ownership structure, that is the firm’s connections to the state or government influence on corporate decisions. It is also unclear how innovation practices differ from one country to the next, and what international settings promote innovation success. Many variables need consideration, including: the types of institutions and the legal regime of the country; shareholder protection strength across nations; gender parity, including masculinity of cultures; and attitudes and policies towards gender diversity on corporate boards. A better understanding of these factors can help firms better develop their innovation strategies to ensure a firm’s growth and survival.

What is this research about?

Professors Imed Chkir, Walid Ben Amar, and Samir Saadi received a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council Insight grant to examine the determinants and outcomes of innovation. Their approach focusses on whether board gender diversity and political connections promote innovation. It also considers various international settings that may drive innovation.

Project title: The effect of formal and informal institutions on corporate innovation: The case of gender diversity, state ownership and political connection

Who will benefit from this research?

This work will expand knowledge on the importance of innovation for economic growth, clarifying the contribution of board gender diversity and government involvement to the innovative process. The work should also shed light on the international settings that favour innovation and firm survival. The insights gained from this work can help

  1. investors understand the role of innovation in a firm’s growth,
  2. managers recognize the contribution of ownership structure on innovation efforts, and
  3. policymakers better regulate information disclosures and corporate governance to reduce the risk of failure.

Learn more about the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council Insight Grants.

About the Author

Rania Nasrallah a rejoint le bureau de recherche Telfer en 2019. Elle a obtenu son doctorat en médecine à l'Université d'Ottawa et apporte à ce rôle plus de deux décennies d'expérience en recherche. Rania participe à tous les aspects du mandat du Bureau de la recherche et est responsable de fournir un large éventail de services aux membres du corps professoral et aux étudiants de recherche de deuxième et troisième cycle. Elle gère les subventions internes et les bourses d'études, et participe à la stratégie de communication de la recherche. Elle fournit également un soutien aux chercheurs avant l'attribution des subventions afin de maximiser le succès du financement au niveau national et international. En outre, elle travaille en étroite collaboration avec le Vice-doyen à la recherche pour élaborer et mettre en œuvre des stratégies visant à améliorer le financement et la vélocité de la recherche à Telfer, conformément à notre vision pour créer un meilleur Canada et un meilleur monde pour tous.<br/><br/>Rania Nasrallah joined the Telfer Research Office in 2019. She completed her PhD in Medicine at the University of Ottawa and brings over two decades of research experience to this role. Rania is involved in all aspects of the mandate of the Research Office and is responsible for providing a wide range of services to faculty members and research based graduate students. She manages internal grants, student awards, and participates in the research communication strategy. She also provides pre-award support to researchers to optimize funding success nationally and internationally. In addition she works closely with the Vice Dean Research to develop and implement strategies to enhance research funding and intensity at Telfer following our vision to create a better Canada and a better world for all.

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